Ethics in research is essential. In Greek, it means character. It is ethically necessary to stick to moral norms in research, mostly because norms are useful in promoting research and finding the truth without making erroneous mistakes.
‘Ethics’ or morals are used to distinguish between right or wrong in a given research. Some of the sayings based on ethics have been coming down for generations, like:
– Love thy neighbour as thy self,
– Practice what you preach and more are some wise aphorisms just like the sayings of the Greek philosopher, Confucius.
Definition of ethics
Ethical conduct is one which is defined as something acceptable and unacceptable. Generally, the sense of wrong or right is acquired when very young. But that does not end there. It has several stages in which it grows accordingly, and moral development continues throughout life. Sometimes an ethical discussion can also be defined with as simple an explanation as common sense. There are possibilities of having several ethical differences on the same point.
Some plausible explanation of those disagreements:
A small example of this can be cited when two people agree that a particular act is a crime, for example, murder. But a person is liable to make his interpretation of a conducted miscarriage which is also akin to murder, but this is how an ethical difference crops and the definition of both the individuals on this particular instance are likely to be interpreted differently. A state with its citizens has a law for governing behaviour. Ethical norms remain broader as they are informal.
Ethics, Different from the law:
Ethics can also be summed as a method for deciding how to act on a given situation, depending on the complexity of the situation deducted based on of the farmer’s agitation example mentioned above. Ethics, however, is not always a matter of fact discussed while completing research, which has gained so much prominence.
Today a lot of weightage has been given to this by several researchers that the integrity of any researcher in research is critically important aspect. They authenticate the genuineness of his work, whether it is trustworthy or worth validating. The reasons for maintaining the standards in research are to search for the truth through research to establish knowledge proved without error.
Ethical research requires asking some pertinent questions like:
– Naming the ethical principles in the study undertaken.
– Ethical issues affect the conducted research, how it has been reached, the procedure used and more that need to be discussed.
-While conducting research, does a scholar have a moral responsibility towards the research work?
– Will your research directly benefit those that participated in the study?
While considering research viewpoints in a subject, ethics forms a critical role. Take, for instance, the example of nursing where help can also be taken from assignment help. Still, the researcher has to continuously focus on the ethical question while focusing on the ethical question while focusing on such subjects’ research.
Some of the basic principles of research ethics to be maintained are:
- Respecting a person’s autonomy and protecting those that have a lower autonomy in the same research
- Protecting the beneficence and non-maleficence
- Providing justice and maintaining it
- Maintaining an informed consent
- Complete confidentiality and data protection
- Maintaining integrity
- Protecting any conflict of interest
The role of ethics is essential in research:
Research ethics are essential for a variety of reasons. They promote the research aims like it is about expanding limited knowledge, working collaboratively, having mutual respect for work and fairness in conduct. They support important social and moral values, like the principle of not harming others and more.
A brief history of the moral aspects helps understand ethics better:
Raising ethical questions like how research subjects are or can be protected today, a lot about the importance and significance of ethics in a subject while researching clarifies. Some of the ways followed in research keeping the procedure ethical are:
In the letter called ‘informed consent,’ that goes to a researcher or a team of researchers for their consent regarding participating in the research investigation and investigation in the study has a human subject for consideration.
It includes detailed information on the character of the research, whether it is scientific research in general. The researcher’s consent on the terms and conditions before the investigation is essential for the study. It is acquainted with the research scholar, and every student must sign after reviewing the letter.
Role of the consent letter
The consent letter has a definite role to play. The researcher’s consent letter decides on the various aspects; like the researcher’s role in the research, in detail, describing the project’s precise nature. Questions like whether it includes any potential risk of how he aims to outline, participate and contribute to the project’s goals are also mentioned. One needs to affirm through this letter that the participants’ participation is voluntary. And they can opt-out of it as per their convenience.
The role of informed consent while undertaking research ethics is of extreme importance. The main idea of ethics is to protect the questions that protect the human rights of the individual. With the help of consent, participants are conscious of any potential risks or any negative implication that may or may not accompany participation.
Ethics are essential in research because they are the ‘moral principles’ that ‘guide’ researchers to ‘conduct and report research’. And they need to be followed with the help of basic norms. This is done without the intention to harm participants involved in completing the research, whether knowingly or unknowingly. After all, what is the point of researching if they have not been reached ethically?
Author Bio: Koby Mahon is the content writer of this piece.
Koby is a lecturer in Philosophy at the Australian university, guiding PhD scholars on Philosophy and ethics. Koby is also attached to the nursing assignment help, the Online Assignment Expert, that provides assignment help to several online scholars connected here.